Widow Mary Barnard’s Claim
Amongst widow Mary Barnard’s claim to the Commissioners for the Inclosures of Great Ellingham in 1799, was:
One cottage occupied by James Webster and William Barnard and One Messuage occupied by John Wilkins and Sarah Coe
I believe that the messuage (i.e. a dwellinghouse, outbuildings and land), was at that time copyhold of Ellingham Hall, and the remainder of the property freehold.
A Particulars and Valuation taken by the Commissioners for the Inclosures in 1800, mentions these two properties as:
No.273 2 Houses, Outbuildings, Baking Office, Yard & Garden comprising 37 perches owned by Mary Warren and occupied by Webster, William Barnard, Wilkins & Coe
Extract from 1802 Map of Great Ellingham. Original held at Norfolk Record Office. Russell James Colman Plans. Cat. Ref. C/Ca 1/84. With kind permission of NRO
The numbering used in an 1802 Map of Great Ellingham corresponds with the numbering used in the Particulars and Valuation of 1800. The above extract from the 1802 map shows the position of the two properties in the enclosure numbered 273.
Earlier History of the Properties
Charles Barnard had inherited all the properties from his father, John Barnard. John Barnard had also inherited the properties on the death of his father, who had purchased the properties from William and Mary Mallows, possibly during 1750s.
Mary Barnard married widower, and licensed victualler, William Warren in Great Ellingham on November 3rd, 1800.
Nearly eight years later, Mary Warren died on the 10th July, 1808. It was after Mary’s death that the ownership of the properties (including the properties lying within enclosure numbered 273 on the extract of the 1802 Map), passed in accordance with the provisions of Charles Barnard’s will, some 12 years after his death.
Ownership of Edmund & Ann Elizabeth Chaplin
An extract of an Indenture of 1813 confirms that these properties lying within the enclosure numbered 273 (on the 1802 map) were at that time in the ownership of Charles Barnard’s daughter Ann Elizabeth and her husband Edmund Chaplin. The document also provides the names of former occupiers as John Wilkins, Mary Farrer (Farrow?), James Webster and William Barnard, and the current occupiers (in 1813) as Edmund Houchen, Judith Clarke, Samuel Ryder and James Ryder.
In 1818, Edmund and Ann Elizabeth Chaplin borrowed the sum of £860 from James Gall, a farmer of Banham. All the freehold parts of two messuages and two cottages they owned in Great Ellingham, were used as security for the loan. A deed relating to this transaction gives the names of occupiers of the houses (abutting the road) within the enclosure numbered 273 on the extract of the 1802 map, as Daniel Lovett (I believe Daniel is mistaken for Nathaniel) Lovett and Samuel Ryder. As I believe the messuage within the enclosure numbered 273 was copyhold, this was not included as security (and, in any event, is not, referred to in the deed).
House next the Street
A Survey of Great Ellingham 1817-1819, lists Edward Chaplin as the owner of: ‘A House next the Street‘ which was occupied by Samuel Rider and Nathaniel Lovett. It also suggests that Edward Houchen was a later occupier of the property.
Plan to 1928 Conveyance Harris to Coldwell. Courtesy of Christine Fuller
The Messuage (House, Outbuildings, Baking Office, Yard & Garden)
The same Survey (1817-1819) shows Jeffrey Warren to be the owner of: House, Outbuildings, Baking Office, Yard and Garden. This property was occupied by Jeffrey Warren and William Brooke. I believe that this property is the copyhold messuage which is furthest back from the road shown in enclosure 273 on the extract of the 1802 map, and which I have indicated on the above plan. White’s Directory of 1836 lists Jeffrey Warren as a baker and William Brooks a wheelwright in Great Ellingham.
Sale of ‘House next the Street’ & Other Cottages to Gall
In 1835, Edmund and Ann Elizabeth Chaplin sold the properties (used as security for the loan) to James Gall. These properties included cottages adjacent to the Chequers Public House and the ‘House next the Street’ referred to above. The Indenture referring to the transaction reveal that James Gall and Edmund Chaplin agreed a price of £895, with £298 being the price for the freehold parts and the remainder for the copyhold parts. Given that the 1817-1819 Survey suggests that the messuage was then in the ownership of Jeffrey Warren (and a later document concurs with this), I do not believe the messuage furthest back from the road on the 1802 map was included in the sale to James Gall.
A later document ‘Great Ellingham Estates’ (c.1840 or a little earlier), indicates that at that time, the ‘House next the Street’ was still occupied by Samuel Ryder and Nathaniel Lovett. The messuage (House, Outbuildings, Baking Office, Yard and Garden) was still owned by Jeffrey Warren, but now occupied by William Warren. White’s Directory of 1845 lists William Warren as a baker in Great Ellingham.
James Gall, the owner of ‘the House next the Street’ which I believe comprised of more than one dwelling, died on the 10th July, 1841. Leaving no will, the ownership of the property passed to John Gall, his eldest son and heir at law.
New Owner of ‘the House next the Street’ – William Rose
On December 1st, 1842, John Gall sold ‘the House next the Street’ to William Rose for the sum of £85. The Indenture concerning the sale referred to the property as “All those two cottages or tenements then late of the said James Gall deceased situate in Great Ellingham in Norfolk with the firing shed, yard and appurtenances thereto belonging, then lately in the occupation of Daniel [Nathaniel] Lovett and Samuel Ryder and then in the occupation of William Leeder and Edward Houchen abutting upon a road leading from Great Ellingham to Shropham south, and upon a yard then or then late belonging to Jeffrey Warren north, together with all outhouses etc“. White’s Directory of 1845 lists William Leeder as a farrier in Great Ellingham.
The 1851 census finds 39 year old William Rose living with his wife Martha Ann and their five year old son, (William Weston Rose), in Panxworth, Norfolk. William, a farmer of over 200 acres employing 11 labourers, was born in Great Ellingham. A son of William and Amelia Rose, William was baptised in the Church of St James on the 15th August, 1813.
The Norfolk Record Office holds a marriage licence bond dated 4th April, 1844, between William Rose of Attleborough and Martha Ann Fulcher Weston of Wymondham in relation to an intended marriage at Wymondham. The marriage took place a few days later on the 9th April.
William Rose died on the 30th March, 1868. All his property (which included messuages, lands and hereditaments in Wymondham and Crownthorpe) passed to his widow, Martha Ann Rose.
The Messuage & William Leeder
As mentioned, I am reasonably certain that the Messuage (i.e. House, Outbuildings, Baking Office, Yard and Garden) once owned by Edmund and Ann Elizabeth Chaplin and then Jeffrey Warren, was not sold in 1842 to William Rose, when he (William Rose) purchased the ‘House next the Street’ from John Gall. In 1842, one of the occupiers of the ‘House next the Street’ was William Leeder. Interestingly, some thirty years after this sale, Thomas Leeder (a son of William Leeder) owned the adjacent ‘Messuage’.
1799 Statement of Claims. Great Ellingham Inclosure. Norfolk Record Office. Catalogue Ref: MC 2213/118
1802 Russell James Colman Plans. Great Ellingham. Catalogue Ref. C/Ca 1/84.
1799-1842 F W Horner, Records of the Surveyors to Commissioners for Inclosure in Parishes in Norfolk and Suffolk. Great Ellingham (Act 1799). Norfolk Record Office. Catalogue Ref: NRO, BR 90/2
1800 Inclosure Commissioner’s Particulars and Valuation, Great Ellingham. Norfolk Record Office. Catalogue Ref: NRO, MC 2213/119
Great Ellingham Parish Registers. Norfolk Record Office. PD609. Also available at www.familysearch.org
Abstract of Title. Wymondham Town Archive. Reference 11773. John Gall Jnr. Lands in Great Ellingham sold to Wm Rose on 1/11/1842.
1836 White’s Directory. Norfolk Record Office.
1845 White’s Directory. Norfolk Heritage Centre.
1851 census HO107/1819/225
4 April 1844. Marriage Licence Bond: William Rose and Martha Ann Fulcher Weston. Norfolk Record Office. Catalogue Ref: ANF 12/80/46
Wymondham Parish Registers. Norfolk Record Office. PD 184. Transcription Wymondham, Marriages 1615-1981. Norfolk Family History Society, viewed online www.nfhs.org.uk 16 Dec 2020